Between 1993 and 2001, Mayor Giuliani’s led NYPD illegal tactics against Blacks and Latins led to several violations of human and civil rights. Giuliani has been praised by many of his supporters as the main reason why New York’s crime and murder rate was substantially reduced from the late 80’s to early 90’s levels. Giuliani had already inherited a city who’s crime rate had been reduced three years in a row. He also took over(1994) at a time when the use of crack had seriously declined. By the mid to late 90’s, heroin, a much more serene and less violent drug, had once again become the reigning drug on the street. It was the heroin king of New York, Nicky Barnes, who in turn aided Giuliani and enabled him to become a national figure. In 1978, Barnes had been given a life sentence for his role as the major heroin kingpin in New York during the 1970’s. In 1985 Barnes struck a deal with Giuliani, then a United States attorney under Ronald Reagan, which put him in the witness protection program and put several of Barnes’ associates in prison. Giuliani used his new found popularity to twice run for Mayor, finally winning in 1993 against Dinkins.
On December 22, 1994, at approximately 1:30am, Anthony Baez and his brothers were playing football in the Mount Hope section of The Bronx. They inadvertently hit a police car window, causing the officers to order the Baez brothers to go home. The Baez brothers took their football game down the street. Officer Francis Livoti followed the brothers down the block and told them to stop the football game and go home. The Baez brothers were minding their own business and not bothering anyone. They took the high road and played down the street so as to not to hit Livoti’s car again, yet Livoti had to show who’s boss. He first arrested David Baez for failure to obey his orders, and when he attempted to arrest Anthony, Anthony crossed his arms in protest. Livoti engaged in a fight with Anthony, then four other officers intervened and Livoti choked Anthony so hard it caused him to have an asthma attack. Subsequently, Anthony died while in handcuffs on his way to the hospital. An ambulance that had been dispatched to the scene of the choking never arrived. Livoti was acquitted of all charges in October, 1996. Thankfully, one of the officers at the scene, Daisy Boria, came clean and told Federal authorities the truth that occurred that day. Livoti was finally convicted in June, 1998 for violating Anthony Baez’s civil rights and sentenced to seven and a half years in prison
During Giuliani’s eight years in office, he was nothing more than a racist, fascist bully. One month into his term, he had police raid The Nation of Islam’s mosque in Harlem, causing a near riot. No illegal drugs or weapons were found, yet Giuliani and Police Commissioner William Bratton did not apologize for the inconvenience it caused to the members of the mosque. In 1997, Giuliani was well on his way to being re-elected when Haitian immigrant Abner Louima was sodomized by two of New York’s “finest” in Brooklyn’s 70th police precinct. Officer Justin Volpe kicked Louima in his scrotum and then proceeded to stick a plunger up Louima’s rectum, causing major damage to his colon and bladder. Louima told Internal Affairs that the officers called him “nigger,” and shouted “Giuliani time,” while he was being sodomized. Volpe was sentence to 30 years in prison. I believe this only happened because Louima was the only victim during this period who survived the brutality.
During the summer of 1998, I began organizing several youths around the Bronx MillBrook Housing Projects to attend the Million Youth March. The Million Youth March was a rally organized by former Nation of Islam national spokesman Khalid Abdul Muhammad. Giuliani criticized the rally from the very beginning it was announced, claiming that the seediest elements would be there and advised that New Yorkers not attend the rally. He even denied a permit for the rally; it took an 11th hour appeals court decision to get the permit. I wanted to take my six year old son, but my gut feeling told me to keep him home. I took over 40 kids to the rally. The rally took place on September 5, 1998 on 118th Street and Malcolm X Boulevard in Harlem. The rally itself was very uplifting and peaceful. It was the events after the rally that made me want to put a bullet in Giuliani’s big head. The permit stated that the rally must end by 4pm. Muhammad was still speaking when at 4:03 the NYPD attacked like they were a military squadron. Several fights broke out between the police and rally attenders. I could not believe my eyes; the rally was so peaceful and Giuliani’s orders to shut down the rally ASAP caused unnecessary injuries to several police officers and civilians. My buddy Brian was being pushed down by an officer, so I picked up a barricade and hit the officer upside his back. Brian and I escaped, running down the street while the rest of the youth we brought chased behind us. At 125th and Malcolm X, we made sure everyone we brought was accounted for. Luckily, they were all unhurt and we boarded the number 2 subway train going uptown.
The single, most horrific brutality case that occurred during Giuliani’s reign of terror happened in the early morning hours on February 4, 1999. An African immigrant from Ghana, Amadou Diallo, was coming home after eating dinner when he was stopped by four police officers outside his home on 1157 Wheeler Avenue, which is located in the Soundview section of the Bronx. Diallo, no doubt spooked by the officers presence, reached for his wallet. Officer Sean Carroll yelled “Gun!” and fellow officer Edward McMellon fell down the stairs while reaching for his gun. Diallo was struck 19 times by the four officers, who overall shot at Diallo 41 times. Diallo had no weapons on him, just his wallet. The four officers were charged with murder but acquitted a year later. Although the murder took place in The Bronx, the trial was moved to upstate New York. The officers’ lawyers claimed change of venue due to what they perceived as a “racial bias” in The Bronx. They were granted the change and gained the acquittal for their clients. An injustice that made my stomach crawl.
I was so fed up and disgusted by the Diallo murder that I organized the members of my labor union to march to 1157 Wheeler Avenue in solidarity against the police. We held a candlelight vigil and several of the members said a prayer for Diallo and his family. It was such a moving sight to see all of my fellow union members from the shop get together. They were fed up with the same b.s. that had been going on for years(the only members who didn’t show up were the two White members). The following day I received a missive from my local union; it stated that what I did violated union rules. I was not allowed to engage the union members in political rallies or functions without first gaining approval from the local office. I ripped up the memo and ignored it. I had been Chapter Chairman for three years and not once did the local office help me. This was the last straw; by the end of July, I had resigned as Chapter Chair. No one had to tell me what was right; I knew in my gut what was right, and standing up against police brutality was always right. The local union office was upset because they never want to anger political leaders. That’s pure bullshit! I believe in going after everybody if it’s justified. No politician is safe from criticism if he deserves it.
In the early morning hours on March 16,2000, Haitian immigrant Patrick Dorismond was gunned down by NYPD undercover officer Anthony Vasquez while standing outside the Distinguished Wakamba Cocktail Lounge, which is located on 38th Street and 8th Avenue near Times Square. Vasquez approached Dorismond in a very hostile manner. Dorismond told Vasquez to leave him alone(Dorismond thought Vasquez was a drug dealer). A scuffle occurred causing Vasquez to shoot Dorismond, who like Diallo was also unarmed. This shooting resulted in the termination of Giuliani’s run for The U.S. Senate. He was to be the Republicans choice to run against Hillary Clinton, but after his callous comments about Dorismond “being no altar boy,” his release of Dorismond’s juvenile record(which by law is to remained sealed and confidential) and his continual backing of the NYPD after every shooting without looking at the facts, led to Giuliani having no choice but to pull out of the Senate race. Dorismond in his youth had actually been an altar boy. Coincidentally, he was an altar boy at the same Catholic Church once attended on the regular by the miscreant mayor.
Despite a witness who saw Vasquez initiate the fight against Dorismond, in July, 2000 a grand jury did not indict Vasquez. Once again, a renegade cop during Giuliani’s administration got away with cold blooded murder. Every person that was murdered by Giuliani’s band of malcontents were Hispanic or Black. In my entire lifetime, I have yet to see a White person murdered by police officers unjustly. Why is it that only Black and Hispanics get murdered with no weapons on them or for just minding their own business? It is the mentality of the police across this entire nation, that’s why. During the Spring of 1999, former Mayor Dinkins was a guest lecturer in one of my grad school classes. I asked Mayor Dinkins that same question, and he responded by stating it is the conditioning of the police in urban areas to fear Blacks and Hispanics. I told him and the class how I’d been stop four times for just walking the streets of the Bronx by the NYPD. One time this White cop demanded to see the contents of my book bag. I refused; I asked for a warrant, so he let me go. As I walked away, his squad car followed me all the way to my building. After the class ended, one of my fellow classmates, a police officer, attempted to justify the NYPD’s actions. He talked about rap videos and how rappers brag about their guns and money. He tried to use a fucking rap video as an explanation for stop and frisks of young Blacks and Hispanics. I told the racist bastard to get the fuck out of my face. He unfortunately has probably been a willing participant in a police brutality.
The only time I can recall a White man possibly being murdered unjustifiably was on August 30, 1995. Gary Busch was a 31 year old Hasidic man who lived in the Borough Park section of Brooklyn. Busch had over his house that day a homeless Black man named Percy Freeman. Freeman would visit Busch on occasion to get food and clothing. Two of Busch’s neighbors, undoubtedly threatened by an “imposing Black figure” in their neighborhood, called the police. The police upon arriving at Busch’s home threw Freeman to the ground and handcuffed him. Busch tried to help his friend, but was quickly pepper sprayed by the police. Busch then picked up a claw hammer and started screaming at the police to let his friend go. There were six cops surrounding Busch and by all accounts they asked Busch several times to put the hammer down. Busch screamed “this little hammer is going to protect me!” and began swinging at the officers. After Busch refused to stop swinging the hammer, one of the officers fired a warning shot. After a short pause, the police fired 11 more shots, killing Busch instantly. No such restraint had ever been shown to Black or Hispanic suspects. Busch’s murder caused an outcry among the Jewish population of Brooklyn, but things calmed down after the grand jury refused to hand down indictments to the officers in question. If a grand jury cannot find enough evidence to indict police officers in the killing of a White man, then it definitely had to have been a justifiable murder.
The New York media shares culpability with Giuliani during his reign of terror. No matter how horrific the police brutality was or the severity of the violation of Black and Hispanics civil rights, the New York Post, Daily News and 24 hour cable news channel New York One turned a blind eye. Giuliani was their champion of justice and fearless leader. They criticized President Clinton’s extra-marital affairs, yet gave a free pass to Giuliani who cheated on his wife Donna Hanover to the point where she threw him out of the bedroom and forced him to sleep on the living room floor in the mayor’s home, Gracie Mansion. They never challenged him on any of his illegal gestapo tactics. Did you know that before September 11, 2001, Giuliani and his administration was being investigated by the federal government for the inordinate amount of times New York residents civil rights were violated? Then September 11th happened, and all of a sudden he was “America’s Mayor?” Giuilani was the most vile, racist, despicable mayor New York ever had lead the city. Ask the families of Patrick Dorismond, Abner Louima, and Amadou Diallo what they think of Giuliani. They love him as much as I do.